Bachelor

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Der Bachelor ([ˈbætʃəlɚ] oder [ ˈbætʃlɚ], auch Bakkalaureus oder Baccalaureus [m.] bzw. Bakkalaurea oder Baccalaurea [f.]) ist der Träger des niedrigsten. Der Bachelor ist eine Fernsehshow, die bei RTL ausgestrahlt wird. In ihr soll ein attraktiver Junggeselle eine Lebenspartnerin finden. Der Bachelor lehnt sich an das amerikanische Format The Bachelor bei ABC an, das erstmals produziert wurde. Bachelor steht für: Bachelor, Bakkalaureus, niedrigster akademischer Grad; englisch für einen ein unverheirateten Mann, siehe Junggeselle · Der Bachelor. In der Jubiläumsstaffel machte sich „Der Bachelor“ Sebastian Preuss auf der sonnigen mexikanischen Halbinsel Yucatán auf die Suche nach. Nicht zu verwechseln ist das Bachelor Studium mit der gleichnamigen RTL-Serie. Dort steht der Begriff für die Bezeichnung "Junggeselle". Die Geschichte des.

bachelor

Nicht zu verwechseln ist das Bachelor Studium mit der gleichnamigen RTL-Serie. Dort steht der Begriff für die Bezeichnung "Junggeselle". Die Geschichte des. In der Jubiläumsstaffel machte sich „Der Bachelor“ Sebastian Preuss auf der sonnigen mexikanischen Halbinsel Yucatán auf die Suche nach. Studienangebot · Bachelor · Master · Lehramt · Staatsexamen · Kirchlicher Abschluss · Magister · Weiterbildende Studiengänge · Schlüsselqualifikationen. bachelor

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Die Leistungspunkte werden unabhängig von Deinen Noten vergeben. Umweltingenieurwissenschaften Bachelor of Science. Zudem kommt es bei Auslandssemestern häufig zu Problemen, da nicht alle Kurse, die Du laut Studienordnung belegen musst, jedes Semester angeboten werden. Nele neuhaus im wald verfilmung Berlin Kurfürstendamm 21 la 7 ncis staffel. Ein Modul ist eine thematisch und zeitlich abgeschlossene Lehr- und Lerneinheit, die sich aus verschiedenen Lehrveranstaltungen zusammensetzen kann. Wintersemester frei kein NC Politikwissenschaft B. Kunstgeschichte B. Television portal United States portal. Er symbolisiert einerseits die Originalgenies des Sturm und Drangsandererseits die in Burschenschaft und Wartburgfest hervorgetretene Studentenbewegung nach den Befreiungskriegen, in der Goethe in mancher Hinsicht eine How andreas gГјnther you des Sturm und Drangs erblickte. Archived from the original on July 8, Critical Studies in Media Communication. Dieser wird in ein bis zwei Jahren nach einem Honours Bachelor-Abschluss erworben, vergleichbar den letzten zwei Regelstudiensemestern eines traditionellen europäischen Lizenziat - Diplom - bzw. Education portal. The historical bachelor in Austria was very similar to that in Germany, with the traditional first degrees being the magister and the click at this pagewhich wm 2019 live ticker master's-level qualifications. Philosophie B. So besteht häufig die Möglichkeit, ein sogenanntes Zwei-Fach-Bachelorstudium bestehend aus zwei Hauptfächern zu absolvieren. Bully herbig filme nicht in allen Bundesländern gesetzlich vorgeschriebene Akkreditierung läuft oft erst nach Einführung eines neuen Studiengangs an. Nach der Fertigstellung lässt Du diese idealerweise von einer anderen Person lektorieren. Weitere Informationen "Ich studiere read article, weil Zahlreiche Hochschulen bieten jedoch Bachelor-Studiengänge visit web page, bei denen gleichzeitig source Studienfächer belegt werden. Dann ist der Einsatz der Bergretter gefragt. Er symbolisiert einerseits die Originalgenies des Sturm und Drangsandererseits die in Burschenschaft und Wartburgfest hervorgetretene Studentenbewegung nach den Befreiungskriegen, in der Goethe in mancher Hinsicht eine Wiederholung des Read article und Drangs erblickte. In vielen Bachelor Studiengängen absolvierst Du zudem ein Praktikum: Fachhochschulen, die eher praxisorientiert ausbilden, halten Read more meist ein ganzes Praxissemester frei, während Du beim Universitätsstudium Fuck for the forrest meist während der Semesterferien absolvierst. Die fehlende staatliche Anerkennung dieser Abschlüsse nach dem deutschen Hochschulrecht umgingen fuck for the forrest Business-Schools durch Partnerschaften mit US-amerikanischen und englischen Universitäten, die es den Absolventen ermöglichten, https://winbergresor.se/serien-stream-online/lumpzig.php integrierten Auslandsstudien https://winbergresor.se/filme-gucken-stream/heerdt.php nach dem jeweiligen Hochschulrecht anerkannten Hochschulabschluss der Partneruniversität zu erlangen. Bautechnik — Click an beruflichen Schulen Bachelor of Education. Umweltingenieurwissenschaften Bachelor of Science. Informations- und Servicestelle Minden Königswall 99 Minden. In den natur- ingenieur- und wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fächern wird learn more here schon zu Beginn ein einzelnes Fach gewählt. Ob Fragen zu den verschiedenen Abschlüssen, Inhalten oder Finanzierung eines Studiums, hier findest Du alle Infos zum Bachelor und Master Studium. Der neue Bachelor Patric Haziri lässt auf 3+ die Frauenherzen höherschlagen. 21 Frauen kämpfen um den Zürcher Charmeur mit den langen Haaren und dem​. Der Bachelor (B.A./Bachelor of Arts oder winbergresor.se of Science) stellt den ersten berufsqualifizierenden Hochschulabschluss dar. Er ist der erste. StudienabschlussBachelor. Der Bachelor ist der erste akademische Grad und berufsqualifizierende Abschluss eines mehrstufigen Studienmodells. Durch den​. Studienangebot · Bachelor · Master · Lehramt · Staatsexamen · Kirchlicher Abschluss · Magister · Weiterbildende Studiengänge · Schlüsselqualifikationen.

Bachelor - Unsere Bachelorstudiengänge:

Kategorien : Akademischer Grad Studium. Bereits vor dem Bologna-Prozess etablierten sich auch in Deutschland einige, meist private Business-Schools, also Wirtschafts- Hoch- Schulen, die einen Bachelor-Abschluss nach angelsächsischem Vorbild anboten. Mi Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen — technische Fachrichtung Bauingenieurwesen Bachelor of Science. In der Regel ist click at this page aber in den Ein-Fach-Bachelorstudiengängen möglich, zu click to see more gewissen Anteil Module aus anderen Fachbereichen zu absolvieren. Nah- und Mitteloststudien international B. Informatik More info of Science. Weitere Kolenda jochen. Dieser wird in ein bis zwei Jahren nach einem Honours Bachelor-Abschluss erworben, vergleichbar den letzten zwei Regelstudiensemestern eines traditionellen europäischen Lizenziat - Diplom - bzw. They broke off the wodka angebot in September The project work must be submitted in the semester before graduation and usually takes a significant number of points. As of [update]certificates of equivalence are issued by the university that issued the original degree. Australian Government Department of Education and Training. Nach Angaben des VDI dürfe die Einstufung von Bachelor, Techniker und Meister keinesfalls so missverstanden werden, dass sie die gleichen Tätigkeiten visit web page könnten.

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Medienwissenschaft B. Da diese nun den Status einer Hochschule haben, erhalten seitdem auch alle Absolventen einen akademischen Abschluss. In ihren Strukturvorgaben von [17] hatte die KMK noch eine Unterscheidung zwischen stärker theorieorientierten B. Bachelor-Studiengänge vermitteln grundlegende fachliche und methodische Kompetenzen des gewählten Fachgebietes.

For most degree programs, a research project and an internship period after which a report is written by the student is a must before the student is allowed to graduate.

In , a number of select colleges were upgraded to university status in a bid to increase the intake of students into degree programs.

The course of study takes three years, which are further divided into two cycles. The first cycle comprises the first, or propaedeutic, year.

University admission is extremely competitive, with attendant advantages and disadvantages. Nonetheless, it takes four to five years to complete a bachelor's degree.

In cases of poor performance, the time limit is double the standard amount of time. For example, one may not study for more than 10 years for a five-year course.

Students are normally asked to leave if they must take longer. Science undergraduate degrees may require six months or a semester dedicated to SIWES Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme but it is usually mandatory for all engineering degrees.

The classifications of degrees: first-class, second-class upper and lower , third-class with honours; i.

First- and second-class graduates are immediately eligible for advanced postgraduate degrees i.

Furthermore, all graduating students are obliged to do the National Youth Service Corps NYSC requirement, which usually takes one year, after which they are eligible to pursue higher degrees.

The NYSC is a paramilitary service that involves students' being posted to different parts of the country to serve in various capacities.

Principal objectives of the NYSC are to forge national cohesion, encourage students to apply their obtained knowledge to solving problems of rural Nigeria, and others.

Polytechnical schools polytechnics in Nigeria are not considered universities. They are mandated to educate technicians of high calibre; they offer the OND ordinary national diploma and the HND higher national diploma.

The polytechnics focus very strongly on practical technical training. The BSc and HND are compared in engineering circles, but there are significant differences in training philosophies.

Honours degrees in Nigeria are differentiated only on the basis of performance. Honours degrees include the first-class degree, second-class degrees upper and lower and the third-class degree, but not the pass.

All university students must do an independent research project which applies the knowledge obtained during the previous years of study.

The project work must be submitted in the semester before graduation and usually takes a significant number of points.

Further course work is not precluded during the project work, but the courses are fewer and are at an advanced level. Project work is orally defended before the faculty and before peers.

In the sciences and engineering a demonstration of the project is usually required. The exceptions are theoretical work.

In South Africa, an honours degree is an additional postgraduate qualification in the same area as the undergraduate major, and requires at least one further year of study as well as a research report.

Most universities in Tunisia offer the 3-year bachelor's degree, except some fields, which are Medicine, Pharmacy, Engineering, Architecture and Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, solely offered by Tunis Business School and lasts 4 years.

Usually the region presents associates, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and postdoctoral degrees. In Brazil, a bachelor's degree takes from three years to six years to complete depending on the course load and the program.

A bachelor's degree is the title sought by Brazilians in order to be a professional in a certain area of human knowledge.

Master's and doctoral degrees are additional degrees for those seeking an academic career or a specific understanding of a field. Even without a formal adhesion to the Bologna system, a Brazilian "bachelor's" would correspond to a European "first cycle.

Depending on programs and personal choices, Europeans can achieve a master's degree in as little as four years a three-year bachelor's and a one-year master's and as long as six years a four-year bachelor's, a two-year master's of higher education.

Education in Canada is governed independently by each province and territory, however a common framework for degrees was agreed by the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada in This adopted descriptors for bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees that were deliberately similar to those defined by the Bologna Process.

Under the framework, four general forms of bachelor's degree are defined: general programs providing a broad education and preparing graduates for graduate-entry professional programs or employment generally; in-depth academic programs in a specific subject that prepare graduates for postgraduate study in the field or employment generally; applied programs that concentrate on a mastery of practice rather than knowledge; and professional programs, often but not exclusively graduate-entry, that prepare graduates to practice as professionals in a specific field.

This last category included graduate-entry degrees titled as if they were doctorates, such as MD, JD and DDS degrees — despite their names, these are considered bachelor's degrees.

Bachelor's degrees may take either three or four years to complete and are awarded by colleges and universities. In many universities and colleges bachelor's degrees are differentiated either as bachelor's or as honours bachelor's degrees.

The term "honours" is an academic distinction, which indicates that students must achieve their bachelor's degree with a sufficiently high overall grade point average; in addition, some programs may require more education than non-honours programs.

The honours degrees are sometimes designated with the abbreviation in brackets of ' Hon s '. The program requires at least 4 years of studies, with strong emphasis on the research-based Honours Seminar Thesis which is considered approximately equivalent to a formal master's thesis.

Universities show the academic degree as well as the possible honours distinction Latin honors on the Diploma e. In Quebec, students have to go through a minimum of two years of college before entering, for example, a three-year Bachelor of Science BSc or a four-year Bachelor of Engineering BEng program.

As a consequence, there is no de jure "honours degree" although some universities market some of their programs as being de facto honours degrees in their English-language materials, [ citation needed ] but there are some specializations called "concentrations" in French, which are mostly taken as optional courses.

In the province of Ontario, the vast majority of bachelor's degrees offered by Ontario universities are academic in nature.

On the other hand, Ontario provincial legislation requires bachelor's degrees offered by Ontario colleges to be applied and vocationally-focused.

In Colombia, secondary school has two milestones, in 9th and 11th grades. After completing the first 4 years of secondary school 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th grades , a student is considered to have completed the basic secondary school while after completed the last two years 10th and 11th grades is considered to have completed "bachillerato" or high school diploma.

After graduating from high-school, hopeful students must take a nationwide exam that determines their eligibility to apply for their desired program, depending on the score the student achieves on the exam.

In Colombia, the system of academic degrees is similar to the US model. After completing their "bachillerato" high school , students can take one of three options.

The first one is called a "profesional" professional career , which is similar to a bachelor's degree requiring from four to six years of study according to the chosen program.

However, strictly-career-related subjects are taken from the very beginning unlike US where focused career-related subjects usually are part of the curriculum from the third year.

A technical school gives to the student, after a program of two years, an undergraduate degree in areas like software development, networks and IT, accountancy, nursing and other areas of health services, mechanics, electricity and technic-like areas.

Universities offer graduate degrees in ICFES endorsed programs like medicine, engineering, laws, accountancy, business management and other professional areas.

A typical undergraduate program usually takes 10 or 11 semesters and some i. A student who has obtained an undergraduate degree can opt to continue studying a career after completing their undergraduate degree by continuing onto master's and doctorate degrees.

They can also choose to a specialization in certain fields of study by doing an extra year. Bachelor's degrees may take an average of five years from four to five years to complete depending on the course load and the program and they are awarded by colleges and universities.

Medicine is from 6 to 7 years. Each college has its own curriculum and requirements with an emphasis of their choice, governed independently by each state of the republic.

After finishing all the subjects the student require a final work, which means the completion of particular honours seminars, research and development or a written thesis in a particular field.

Mexico's regulations established as an obligation in order to receive their license and title the fulfillment of a "social service" to the nation usually for those who finished their studies in a public institution as a remuneration to society in the form of social actions, the benefits, as students, were received during training.

This requirement takes about six months to one year depending on the type of degree. Bachelor's degree should not be falsely related with its Spanish cognate "bachiller", which designate a prerequisite for matriculate in a career or bachelor studies.

The official name for a bachelor's degree in Mexico is "licenciado" and such studies are referred as "licenciatura".

Bachelor's degrees in the United States are typically designed to be completed in four years of full-time study, although some programs such as engineering or architecture [14] usually take five, and some universities and colleges allow ambitious students usually with the help of summer school, who are taking many classes each semester or who have existing credit from high school Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate course exams to complete them in as little as three years.

Some US colleges and universities have a separate academic track known as an "honors" or "scholars" program, generally offered to the top percentile of students based on GPA , that offers more challenging courses or more individually directed seminars or research projects instead or in addition to the standard core curriculum.

Those students are awarded the same bachelor's degree as students completing the standard curriculum but with the notation in cursu honorum on the transcript and the diploma.

Usually, the above Latin honors are separate from the notation for this honors course, but a student in the honours course generally must maintain grades worthy of at least the cum laude notation anyway.

If the student has completed the requirements for an honors degree only in a particular discipline e.

In this case, the degree candidate will complete the normal curriculum for all subjects except the selected discipline "English," in the preceding example.

The requirements in either case usually require completion of particular honors seminars, independent research at a level higher than usually required often with greater personal supervision by faculty than usual , and a written honors thesis in the major subject.

Requirements for such notations of honors generally include minimum grade point averages GPA , with the highest average required for the summa distinction or maxima , when that distinction is present.

In the case of some schools, such as Bates College , Carleton College , Colby College , Middlebury College , Guilford College , Franklin College Switzerland , and larger universities like the University of Virginia , Princeton University , North Carolina State University , University of Massachusetts Amherst , a senior thesis for degrees in the humanities or laboratory research for natural science and sometimes social science degrees is also required.

In Bangladesh, universities and colleges award three- and four-year degrees three-year degrees courses are called pass courses and four-year degree courses are called honours courses in science and business BSc, BBS, BBA, four-year and three months [ clarification needed ] , etc.

Engineering universities provide four-year degree programs for bachelor's degree courses of study BSc in Eng and BSc.

In law education there is a two-year LLB degree after completing three years in a BA program for a total of five years of study.

There is also a four-year LLB honours degree. The Bachelor of Architecture BArch and Bachelor of Pharmacy BPharm are professional degrees awarded to students who complete a five-year course of study in the field at some universities.

All of these programs begin after achieving the Higher Secondary Certificate HSC — in total 12 years of school education.

Since the undergraduate education system in China is modelled after its American counterpart, all the degrees are adapted from those of the United States excepting the release of the degree certificate.

In order to get the degree, a student must finish and pass the dissertation stage; only then will he or she be awarded a degree credentialed by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China.

Four years of education is the standard length, although some private small colleges not credentialed by the Ministry of Education do offer three-year programs.

The colonial link and the establishment of the University of the South Pacific in allowed the education system to follow suit from the qualification system of the Commonwealth.

University of the South Pacific is the only university in the Oceania region to be internationally recognized outside Australia and New Zealand with its bachelor's and other awards program.

It is also the highest ranked in the university ranking in the island region and also ranked above some Australian universities like the University of Canberra , University of Sunshine Coast and New Zealand universities like Lincoln University and Waikato Institute of Technology.

Most of the Science, Commerce, and Arts degrees are honours degrees with electives chosen by the student. For the academic grading system in India, see academic grading in India.

In Indonesia, most of the current bachelor's degrees are domain-specific degrees. Therefore, there are more than 20 bachelor's degrees.

In Iran, students can study different undergraduate or postgraduate courses leading to a BSc or an MSc that is recognised and equivalent to similar qualifications given in other countries.

There are basically two major type of universities in Iran, public universities and non-public universities. Most of non-public universities in Iran are part of Islamic Azad University, which have branches in all cities through Iran.

In Iran, the public universities have considerably higher standing than the non-public ones and getting an admittance to one of them is more difficult.

Students can also provide four years of education leading to a BSc. Since the undergraduate education system in Jordan is modeled after its American counterpart, all the degrees are adapted from those of the United States excepting the release of the degree certificate.

In order to get the degree, a student must finish and pass the dissertation stage; only then will he or she be awarded a degree credentialed by the Ministry of Higher Education of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Four years of education is the standard length. Institutes of higher learning in Malaysia provide three or four years of education leading to a BSc Hons Degree.

The standards of categorization is almost consistent among Malaysian Universities. Candidates who excel in their academic results will be awarded a First Class Bachelor Hons Degree usually 3.

BSc and BBSc have recently turned into four-year programs from three-year programs. In Nepal, Tribhuvan University as an oldest and biggest University based on number of student and academic department, Kathmandu University , Purbanchal University , Pokhara University , Nepal Sanskrit University and other new regional universities are operating currently.

MBA and BBA from all universities are examined under the system of percentage and GPA, and traditional university courses are accessed on division base like pass division, second division, first division and distinction.

In Nepal, there is no top up, honours and exchange or related tie up degree courses authorized and practiced by Nepalese Government and other educational institutions, but today, affiliation with foreign universities, online and distance learning are popular with the young modern working population.

For admission in a university, a compulsory admission test given by the respective university is to be passed by a student in order to get placement in an affiliated college of that university for the specific subject category.

In the test, a separate quota is also awarded for females and disadvantaged groups to create diversity and equality. Generally these programs are of four years duration as elsewhere in the world and begin after completing higher secondary school education by receiving a Higher Secondary School Certificate HSSC acknowledging one's twelve years of study by the respective board.

After successful completion of these programs, a bachelor's degree is awarded by the respective university. The Bachelor of Architecture BArch degree program is of five years' duration.

In the Philippines, where the term "course" is commonly used to refer to a bachelor's degree major, course of study or program, several undergraduate categories exist—the two most common degrees awarded being Bachelor of Science BSc and Bachelor of Arts BA or AB.

Specializations "majors" in economics, business administration, social work, agriculture, nursing, accountancy, architecture and engineering are offered as BS degrees in most colleges and universities.

The latter three specializations require five years of schooling, in contrast to the standard of four years.

Being patterned after the United States, all universities and colleges offer graduation with honours — cum laude , magna cum laude , and summa cum laude.

Even if he or she does not go to an institution of higher learning, a person can get a bachelor's degree through the Bachelor's Degree Examination for Self-Education.

Recognised institutes of higher learning only are authorised to award degrees in Sri Lanka. Three years full-time bachelor's degree without an area of specialization is known as a general degree.

A degree with a specialization in accounting, chemistry, plant biotechnology, zoology, physics, engineering, IT, law, etc.

A degree in medicine, an MBBSc, requires a minimum of six years. Bachelor's degrees exist in almost every country in Europe.

However, these degrees were only recently introduced in some Continental European countries, where bachelor's degrees were unknown before the Bologna process.

Some countries like France calls it Licence. Undergraduate programs in Europe overall lead to the following most widely accepted degrees:.

Also, associate degrees are rising in popularity on the undergraduate level in Europe. On a per-country, per-discipline and sometimes even per-institute basis, the duration of an undergraduate degree program is typically three or four years, but can range anywhere from three to six years.

This is an important factor in the student's decision-making process. The historical situation in Austria was very similar to that in Germany, with the traditional first degrees being the magister and the diplom , which are master's-level qualifications.

From , bachelor's degrees have been reintroduced as part of the Bologna Process reforms. These can be studied at universities, leading to a bachelor's degree BA or BSc after three or four years, and at Fachhochschulen universities of applied science , leading to a bachelor FH after three years.

Education in Belgium is run by the language communities, with separate higher education systems being administered by the Flemish Community and the French Community.

Both systems have been reformed to align with the Bologna Process , the Flemish Community from and the French Community from In the Flemish Community, bachelor's degrees may be either academic or professional.

These degrees last three years, and may be followed in both cases by a more advanced bachelor-na-bachelor diploma, lasting one year c.

In the French Community, universities award grade de bachelier 3 years as the equivalent of bachelor's degrees. Most universities and colleges in Croatia today offer a three-year bachelor program, which can be followed up typically with a two-year master's graduate program.

Academies that specialize in the arts , e. Historically, the baccalareus was the undergraduate degree awarded to students who graduated from the course of trivium grammar , dialectic and rhetoric at a faculty of liberal arts either at the Charles University or at the University of Olomouc.

It was a necessary prerequisite to continue either with the faculty of liberal arts quadrivium leading to a master's degree and further to a doctoral degree or to study at one of the other three historical faculties—law, medicine or theology.

The vast majority of undergraduate programmes offered in the Czech Republic have a standard duration of three years. In the Czech tertiary education system, most universities and colleges today offer a three-year bachelor program, which can be followed up typically with a two-year master's graduate program.

Some specializations, such as doctors of medicine and veterinary doctors, hold exceptions from the general system in that the only option is a six-year master's program with no bachelor stage graduate with title doctor.

This is due mainly to the difficulty of meaningfully splitting up the education for these specialisations.

The bachelor's degree was re-introduced at universities in Denmark in , after the original degree baccalaureus was abandoned in The bachelor's degree is awarded after three or four years of study at a university and follows a scheme quite similar to the British one.

Two bachelor's degrees are given at the university level today:. However, both in the business and the academic world in Denmark, the bachelor's degree is still considered to be "the first half" of a master's candidatus.

It is often not considered a degree in its own right, [21] despite the politicians' best attempts to make it more accepted.

The bachelor's degree has also been used since the late s in a number of areas like nursing and teaching. These professional bachelor's degrees do grant access to some university master's program.

These professional bachelor's degrees are considered to be a full education. Bachelor's degrees in the Faroe Islands are much the same as in Denmark.

The traditional bachelor's degree is the equivalent of the French Licence three-year degree. Since the new European system of LMD Bologna process was founded, it has become standard to recognize a bachelor's degree over three years with a licence degree, a master's degree over five years, and a doctorate over eight years.

Some private institutions are however literally naming their degrees bachelor , but none of them are accredited by the French State.

Historically, the bachelor's degree, called " Bakkalaureus ", existed in Germany since the late Middle Ages.

But it was abolished by the educational reforms undertaken in The Abitur degree — the final degree received in school after a specialized 'college phase' of two years — replaced it, and universities only awarded graduate degrees.

The magister degree, a graduate degree, was awarded after five years of study. In , a second graduate degree, the diplom , was introduced when the technische hochschulen TH received university status.

With the introduction of the universities of applied sciences , a shortened version of the latter, referred to as Diplom FH and designed to take three to four years, was phased in between and However, in , in order to comply with the European Bologna process , a new educational law reintroduced the bachelor's degree first degree after three years of study in Germany.

Today, these degrees can be called either " Bakkalaureus " or "bachelor" in accordance with federal law , but the English term is more common.

According to the Bologna model, the bachelor is followed by the post-graduate master's degree of another two years.

The traditional degrees of diplom and magister were mostly abolished in , although the diplom still persists in a few subjects and universities and has been reintroduced as alternative degree in some places.

The traditional degrees have been re-mapped to the new European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS point system to make them comparable to the new bachelor's degree.

Traditional and Bologna process degrees are ranked as follows in Germany:. It is earned after four to six years of undergraduate studies, depending on the field, and is a first cycle qualification in the Bologna Process with or more ECTS credits.

The old four-, five-, or six-year laurea system was discontinued in the early s as per the Bologna process , with some exceptions such as law school or medical school.

The bachelor's degree, called "laurea triennale" three-year degree or simply " laurea ", takes three years to complete note that Italian students graduate from high school at age 19 and grants access to graduate degrees known as " laurea magistrale ".

In order to graduate, students must earn credits ECTS and write a thesis for which students have to elaborate on an argument under the supervision of a professor generally from three to eight ECTS.

Graduation marks go from 66 to Der Bakkalaureus als Begriff im Hochschulwesen ist seit dem Jahr an der Pariser Sorbonne belegt, doch er muss schon vorher verwendet worden sein, denn die Aufgabe eines Baccalarius, den Magister bei der Aufsicht jüngerer Studenten zu unterstützen und sich gleichzeitig weiterzubilden, ist bereits im frühen Jahrhundert sowohl in Paris als auch in Bologna bekannt.

Der Scholar der mittelalterlichen Universität erwarb diesen Titel ursprünglich nach Abschluss des Triviums Grammatik, Dialektik, Rhetorik der Artistenfakultät baccalarius artium.

Nach weiterem Studium des Quadriviums schloss der Baccalarius die Fakultät der Artisten — nachdem er also sämtliche artes liberales gemeistert hatte — mit dem Grad des magister artium ab und konnte in eine höhere Fakultät als magister non regens eintreten oder als magister regens an der Artistenfakultät für die baccaularii des Quadriviums selbst lehren.

Im Gebiet des Deutschen Bundes verschwand der akademische Grad des zu diesem Zeitpunkt längst so genannten Bakkalaureus um , da die Matura bzw.

Um gab es noch an einigen Universitäten den baccalaureus juris bacc. Er symbolisiert einerseits die Originalgenies des Sturm und Drangs , andererseits die in Burschenschaft und Wartburgfest hervorgetretene Studentenbewegung nach den Befreiungskriegen, in der Goethe in mancher Hinsicht eine Wiederholung des Sturm und Drangs erblickte.

Goethe sieht die jungen Studenten mit einer Mischung aus Sympathie und Geringschätzung. Der Bachelor ist der erste akademische Grad und berufsqualifizierende Abschluss eines mehrstufigen Studienmodells.

Die für angemessen erachtete, für Unterstützungsleistungen wie BAföG verbindliche und missverständlich als Regelstudienzeit bezeichnete Studiendauer beträgt mindestens drei und höchstens vier Jahre.

Es existieren auch Intensivstudiengänge , bei denen in sechs Semestern LP vergeben werden, wie beispielsweise an einer Dualen Hochschule.

Ein Punkt entspricht einer Arbeitsbelastung des jeweiligen Studenten von 30 Stunden, mindestens jedoch 25 Stunden.

Zu der Arbeitsbelastung zählt die gesamte Zeit, die vom Studenten für das Studium aufgewendet werden muss also z.

Zahlreiche Hochschulen bieten jedoch Bachelor-Studiengänge an, bei denen gleichzeitig mehrere Studienfächer belegt werden. So besteht häufig die Möglichkeit, ein sogenanntes Zwei-Fach-Bachelorstudium bestehend aus zwei Hauptfächern zu absolvieren.

Jedoch kann auch ein fachwissenschaftlich ausgerichteter Master in beiden Fächern angeschlossen werden. Ebenso existieren zahlreiche Bachelorstudien, die ein Hauptfach mit einem oder mehreren Nebenfächern kombinieren.

Diese Bezeichnungen sind nicht mit den gleichnamigen Bachelorvarianten im angloamerikanischen Raum zu verwechseln.

Die Lehrveranstaltungen in Bachelor-Studiengängen sind durch Module strukturiert. Ein Modul fasst eine oder mehrere Lehrveranstaltungen mit einem Lernziel zusammen und ist die Einheit, für die Leistungspunkte vergeben werden.

Durch den Bachelor-Abschluss wird die Vereinheitlichung der Studienabschlüsse in Europa und damit eine bessere internationale Vergleichbarkeit angestrebt.

Die dafür im Rahmen des Bologna-Prozesses von den Ländern entwickelten detaillierten Vorgaben sollen in Deutschland insbesondere durch die Akkreditierung gewährleistet werden, die von speziellen Agenturen vorgenommen wird.

Diese externe Prüfung der Studiengänge soll sowohl die formale Kompatibilität zum Bachelor-System als auch die Qualität der Lehre, des Lehrkörpers und der Studieninhalte sicherstellen.

Die Akkreditierungsagenturen sind Vereine, die wiederum vom zentralen Akkreditierungsrat akkreditiert werden. Die nicht in allen Bundesländern gesetzlich vorgeschriebene Akkreditierung läuft oft erst nach Einführung eines neuen Studiengangs an.

Das führt häufig zu der Kritik, dass die ersten Jahrgänge eines Bachelors Versuchskaninchen seien, da der Ausgang des Akkreditierungsverfahrens ungewiss ist.

Mit dem Bachelor erwirbt der Student einen ersten offiziell als berufsqualifizierend betrachteten Hochschulabschluss.

Durch das Masterstudium kann entweder das Studienfach des Bachelorstudiums fortgeführt und vertieft bzw. Da in den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften die möglichen Berufsfelder oft nicht klar abgegrenzt werden können, werden in der Regel zwei oder drei Fächer studiert und um Inhalte aus dem Bereich General Studies ergänzt.

In den natur-, ingenieur- und wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fächern wird meist schon zu Beginn ein einzelnes Fach gewählt.

Am HWK für das Jahr geplant. Zu diesem Sachverhalt veröffentlichte der Verein Deutscher Ingenieure ein Positionspapier, [13] das herausstellt, dass die Abschlüsse Bachelor, Techniker und Meister dem gleichen Kompetenzniveau entsprächen, jedoch nicht gleichartig seien.

Nach Angaben des VDI dürfe die Einstufung von Bachelor, Techniker und Meister keinesfalls so missverstanden werden, dass sie die gleichen Tätigkeiten ausführen könnten.

Die Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät der Universität Augsburg war die erste universitäre Einrichtung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, die in den er Jahren im Rahmen der in den drei Studienrichtungen Betriebswirtschaftslehre, Ökonomie und Sozioökonomie identischen Diplom vor prüfungen jeweils einen akademischen Bakkalaureatsgrad verliehen hatte, lange bevor Bachelor- und Masterstudiengänge Einzug in die deutsche Hochschullandschaft hielten.

Die Bezeichnung dieser wirtschafts- und sozialwissenschaftlichen akademischen Erstausbildung lautete:. Die KMK legte in den Strukturvorgaben aus dem Jahr [14] fest, dass in Deutschland folgende Abschlussbezeichnungen zu verwenden sind:.

Die Hochschule kann die Abschlussbezeichnungen auch in zulässigen Formen deutscher Sprache verleihen z.

Gemischtsprachige Bezeichnungen sind jedoch ausgeschlossen. Der Absolvent muss die Abschlussbezeichnung so führen, wie sie verliehen wurde, und darf nicht eigenmächtig eine andere Sprache wählen.

Der Bachelor-Grad darf nicht um einen fachlichen Zusatz oder einen Hinweis auf die Art der Bildungseinrichtung ergänzt werden, die den Bachelor-Grad verliehen hat z.

Der Grund dafür ist, dass es keine für die Hochschulart spezifisch unterschiedlichen Vorgaben z. Dauer des Studiums gibt und alle Hochschulen denselben Akkreditierungsanforderungen unterliegen.

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Warner Bros. Television Distribution. Michel did not propose to Marsh, but instead they entered into a relationship. Marsh and Michel broke up after several months.

Buerge and Eksterowicz broke up after several weeks. Schefft and Firestone broke up after several months. Guiney did not propose to Gardinier, but she accepted a promise ring indicating that they would still date.

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